In Early America, 1630s ... Africans, in a very small group were brought to Boston on the cargo vessel named "Desire" in 1638. You may view a paper by First Governor John Winthrop, the Pilgrim leader where he named the Black Africans. Boston has 200,000 Black people residing within city limits now. Black Boston zip codes for Mattapan 02126, Dorchester 02120-02125, and Roxbury 02119 host more Blacks in Boston, than any other part of the city. The Town of Randolph has the highest percentage of Black residents of any town population in Massachusetts state.